Marijuana has been in the decriminalization process since 1973 with many states over the years passing laws to either authorize the use of marijuana or prohibit it. It is time to stop treating marijuana like a deadly drug, when science and public opinion agree that it is relatively safe for adult recreational and medical use. With recreational and medical marijuana on the verge of nationwide legalization, marijuana growers and dispensaries are popping up everywhere.

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After an effort to legalize recreational marijuana failed at the ballot box, a North Dakota lawmaker said this week she plans to introduce legislation reducing penalties for possessing a small amount of the drug.

State Rep. Shannon Roers Jones, R-Fargo, said under the proposal, people caught with a small amount of marijuana would only pay a fine and avoid creating a criminal record. She said she’s still working out the details of the bill, adding it could apply to possession of an ounce or less of the drug.

Marijuana possession is currently a Class B misdemeanor under state law, but there are exceptions for medical use with a valid certification and card.

“We were looking for an opportunity to solve the ongoing consequences for people who get caught with a small amount of marijuana, people who then end up with a criminal record that affects their ability to find housing or jobs or get professional licensing for years into the future,” Roers Jones said.

Republican Gov. Doug Burgum supports decriminalization at the state level, his spokesman Mike Nowatzki said.

The effort would come on the heels of other criminal justice reform efforts lawmakers have undertaken in recent years. During the 2017 session, the Legislature reduced penalties for first-time drug possession charges.

But Roers Jones’ bill would also come just weeks after voters easily rejected a ballot measure that would have legalized recreational marijuana. Measure 3 did not impose limits on how much marijuana someone could possess or grow, prompting opponents to warn of a “wild West” atmosphere.

“Our Legislature and I think our citizens are not ready for full-out legalization, but they want a more moderate approach,” said Mark Friese, a criminal defense attorney in Fargo who has been working with Roers Jones on legislation.

But the proposal may not significantly alter what already happens inside courtrooms, said Aaron Birst, the executive director of the North Dakota State’s Attorneys’ Association.

“At the end of the day, the court system for the last decade on small amounts has been basically slapping people on the hands and telling them to stay out of trouble,” he said. “That’s almost every day in every court.”

Meanwhile, Roers Jones said she’s also working on a separate bill to allow people previously convicted of a crime to seal their court record if they’ve stayed out of trouble for several years. It would only apply to non-violent, non-sexual offenses and wouldn’t affect federal charges.

Unlike the expungement provision included in Measure 3, Roers Jones said her proposal would require people to take a proactive step to request their record be sealed. She said the proposal wouldn’t be exclusive to drug crimes.

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